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Best Answers To: Where is Barcelona Located, Geography, History, Climate, Demographics, and More!

by Christian Petzold - updated February 9, 2022

Barcelona’s culture and geography come together and create a perfect recipe for romance. Barcelona has attracted many visitors to its shores who have fallen in love with the vibrant city’s heart and soul, as well as the Catalonian’s unmistakable sense of style. 

With an aesthetic from traditional Spanish to contemporary European, the city puts a modern twist on what many would consider timeless. Add Italy and France to create cultural fusion you can’t find anywhere else, and you’re sure to fall in love with this city.

However, before you pack your bags and head out, here are the best answers to the questions: where is Barcelona located, geography, history and so much more!

Where is Barcelona Located? 

Situated on the eastern coast of Spain, it lies about 2 hours drive from the French Pyrenees. It’s the capital city of the autonomous community of Catalonia. The city is a cultural and financial hub, so it’s not surprising that 2 million people call Barcelona home.

Barcelona is one of a kind city, offering a lot of beauty and culture. To understand its beauty, it’s best to know the city a little more.

Geographical Facts About Barcelona, Spain

LocationThe north-east part of Spain
Autonomous communityCatalonia
Barcelona Coordinates41°23′N 2°11′E
Barcelona Districts10
Area of Barcelona101.4 km2 (39.2 sq mi)
Barcelona Population1,620,343
Barcelona Time zoneUTC+1 & UTC+2
Barcelona Postal code08001-08080
Barcelona Area code+34 (Spain) 93 (City)
Barcelona ClimateMediterranean
Official languageCatalan and Spanish
Barcelona AirportBarcelona-El Prat Airport
Barcelona Websitewww.Barcelona.cat

Some Places to Visit in Barcelona, Spain

Museu Nacional d’Art de Catalunya (MNAC)Joan Antoni Samaranch Olympic and Sports MuseumAgbar Tower
Sant Pau HospitalCarrer de BlaiPoble Espanyol
Montjuïc CastleSanta Maria del MarCamp Nou
Port Vell Aerial TramwayBarcelona CathedralMirador de Colom
Barcelona Chocolate MuseumArc de TriomfTibidabo Amusement Park
Parc de la CiutadellaPasseig de GràciaLa Rambla del Raval
La RamblaPicasso MuseumMACBA: Museu d’Art Contemporani de Barcelona
Palau de la Música CatalanaPark GüellLa Pedrera (Casa Milà)
Casa BatllóSagrada Família


Barcelona has an illustrious and proud history that dates back to its Roman roots. Barcelona boasts a thriving cultural and artistic past that blends seamlessly with its avant-garde side.

Additionally, the province of Barcelona contains several towns and villages of historical and cultural significance. Many of these places have inspired painters such as Miro and Picasso.

Like the rest of Catalonia, Barcelona has its official language, Catalan; but the majority of Barcelona residents also speak Spanish (Castilian).

Barcelona’s Natural Parks

Barcelona houses four natural parks, including:

  • The Cadi Moixero
  • Montserrat
  • Sant Llorenç del Munt i serra l’Obac and the Montseny
  • Delta del Llobregat Nature Reserve

Each one is distinct in geography, landscape, and biological significance. 

The Montseny Natural Park is a region of remarkable natural beauty, consisting of mountains, valleys, oak and pine forests, and rivers that pass through it. It is home to a variety of wildlife. There are over 200 species here.

Montseny Natural Park Barcelona

The Montserrat Mountain National Park is beautiful and environmentally diverse, but it is also an important cultural location in the Catalan province of Girona. The peak of Montserrat dominates the scene, and it is here that you may visit the famed monastery, which is steep in history and mystery.

Montserrat Mountain National Park

The Cadi-Moixero National Park is located between Girona, Lleida, and Barcelona and has high mountains with animals and plants that adapt more to life at a higher elevation.

Cadi Moixero Barcelona

Barcelona Coastlines

Barcelona province has many ‘Costa’ locations, notably the Costa de Ponent (or Costa del Garraf), where the Garraf Mountains meet the sea. You may visit Castelldefels, a coastal resort with a castle and large stretches of sandy beach.


The town of Sitges is one of Catalonia’s most popular tourist destinations. It is known for several things, including its film festival and carnival. Sitges is a beautiful town that mixes a lot of fun and enjoyment with some important historical and cultural landmarks. It’s also the gay capital of Catalonia.

The Costa del Llevant, or Costa del Maresme, stretches from Montgat to the Tordera River on the other side of Barcelona. You’ll discover several excellent beach resorts and towns here, each with its own distinct culture and vibe. Arenys de Mar, Calella, Palafolls, Canet, Sant Pol de Mar, and Palafolls are all worth seeing.

Where is barcelona located: Arenys De Mar

Barcelona Climate

In line with geographical diversity, the province of Barcelona features a variety of climates and microclimates that vary according to height and closeness to the sea.

But in general, Barcelona’s location has a Mediterranean climate, with dry summers and pleasant winters.

Barcelona Demographics

Barcelona’s location has allowed the city to have a wide variety of cultures. Barcelona’s population is 62% Catalans, about 24% come from different areas of Spain and over 17% of people are foreign-born, a huge increase from less than 4% in 2001.

The majority of migrants originate in Pakistan, Italy, China, Ecuador, Bolivia, and Morocco. Additionally, Barcelona is home to the country’s biggest Jewish population, with over 3,500 Jews.

What’s Unique About Barcelona?


Barcelona’s location is not the only great thing about the city, as it is full of architectural gems dating back centuries. From Gaudi-style buildings to Roman ruins, there is so much to see in this city.

Major attractions to check out are the Sagrada Familia, Parc Guell, La Pedrera, and many others.

Sagrada Familia


Barcelona’s location is privileged as the city is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, making most outdoor activities refreshing and easy. Enjoy some sun at one of the city’s beaches or relax in one of its parks.

Check out the nearby mountains and rocky coast for those who want an adventure.


Barcelona has much to see in the way of art. From Gaudi’s masterpieces in Park Güell, Opac, and the Museu Nacional d’Art de Catalunya at Parc de Montjuïc, to Picasso’s works like Portrait of Pablo Picasso (1958) and Guernica (1937) at Museu Picasso, there is plenty to experience.


If you plan on visiting Barcelona more than once, you won’t run out of food to taste. Barcelona is known for its fusion cuisine aside from the classic Spanish fare like paella and sangria.

Try some oysters in a bread basket, or enjoy Italian cuisines like carbonara or french fry spaghetti.

Bottom Line

Barcelona is a remarkable city with a diverse and dynamic culture that has developed over many years and will be here for many more. It is full of history, art, nature, and architecture that is unique in its own right.

Barcelona will leave you hopeful for the future and inspired to live life to its fullest. It is an exciting city full of warm-hearted people who are always happy to welcome tourists with open arms.

Discover Barcelona like never before. We have travel guides to help you plan a memorable getaway. See them below.

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