Montjuic mountain is situated on the southwestern edge of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. It rests above the city and overlooks the harbor and Barcelona’s white-washed Mediterranean coastline.
Expect spectacular views of distant hilltops, medieval villages, and greenery that stretch as far as the eye can see.
History of Montjuic Mountain
The mountain, which took its name from the Latin word “Montium,” meaning mountain covered with forests, was formed by water and sedimentary rocks from millions of years ago.
Human settlements on Montjuic date back to prehistoric times. It was home to the ancient Romans during their occupation of Spain and there are records of a lookout post on the hill dating to 1073. This was presumably because it was an excellent vantage point for seeing the entire city and the sea. However, it was not until the 17th century that it took a military duty, providing the groundwork for the modern castle we know now.
Amid the Catalan Revolt, the local municipality used the fortress of Montjuic as a base for their operations against the Spanish monarchy, which Pedro Fajardo led on orders from the King. The stronghold was the site of a significant fight known as the Battle of Montjuic, in which the Catalan army was victorious against the Spanish army.
Today, the museum is a popular destination for tourists and residents alike, hosting a diverse schedule of exhibitions and programs throughout the year, both indoors and out.
In the southwest of Barcelona, Montjuic is a forested hill that rises 173 meters above sea level and is originally home to the city’s Jewish community.
In Catalan, Montjuïc stands for ‘Jewish Mountain’, it’s believed that it has Jewish roots because of the cemetery discovered in the mountain’s southern slope.
The Jewish grave in Montjuic is just one of many Jewish remnants appearing in Barcelona’s early history. By the 15th century, there were thousands of Jews living with their families in this area just next to the city walls.
A Cursed Castle
The castle has always been under the hands of the central government, and during the course of 300 years, the guns of Montjuic have been employed against the citizens of Barcelona, particularly during the turbulent years following the defeat of the 1714 War of Succession.
While the past of Montjuic Mountain has been marred by violence for a long time, its more recent history is also uncomfortable. General Franco’s Republican and Falangist forces used the castle as a jail, torture facility, and execution site during the Spanish Civil War. Over 170 persons are estimated to have been killed at the castle during 1936 and 1938 alone.
According to records, prominent anarchists were killed in the moat around the castle. For the rest of the century, the fortress served as a political jail and even a place of execution for protesters such as Catalan nationalist Lluis Companys.
Top Montjuic Mountain Attractions
Montjuic Castle is a castle just outside Barcelona. It is located on top of Montjuic Mountain and has spectacular views of Barcelona’s harbor and the Mediterranean coastline.
With almost 350 years of history behind it, Montjuic Castle has played a key part in the city of Barcelona, becoming a symbol following the Catalan loss to Spain in 1714. Throughout the last three centuries, the Montjuic cannons have bombarded the city and its residents on several occasions, and Montjuic has been utilized as a jail and torture center regularly as well. Because of the brutal treatment meted out to anarchists and protestors, the name Montjuic became associated with cruelty.
Later in the twentieth century, the fortress was converted into a military museum. Francisco Franco inaugurated the Military Armor Museum in June 1963.
The castle was handed back to Barcelona City Council by the government in April 2007. Following months of negotiations, the castle was designated as a municipal facility. As a result, the museum was closed in 2010, and the City Council began a project to restore and waterproof the roof and a watchtower.
It’s a must-go sightseeing destination because its history is highly diverse. Don’t forget to take the cable car when you get there and even enjoy a nice walk around the Olympic Ring.
It’s an excellent way to see all the different sides and buildings of the park. It’s also the perfect way to start your day before exploring the rest of Barcelona.
The Magic Fountain is not just any ordinary fountain. It is extraordinary because it has so many colors, lights, and water jets. The patterns of the water are synchronized to music playing in the background.
For example, ‘Barcelona’ by Freddie Mercury will have a beautiful display of streams of water that form into the shape of Barcelona’s city skyline with beautiful blue streams cascading down iconic buildings.
While there is no definite time when the Magic Fountain is on, the music playing behind the fountain is always cued to some recognizable piece like ‘Barcelona.’ Who knows what music will play on some other night? It depends on what artists are currently famous in Spain and how their songs match certain events in Barcelona or Madrid.
The Botanical Gardens in Barcelona are undoubtedly a must when you are visiting this great city! The Botanical Gardens are located at Montjuic Mountain, which has an altitude of around 230 meters above sea level.
The Botanical Gardens were inaugurated on September 25, 1859, and are considered a horticultural museum. Its horticultural attractions are the following:
- Rose garden (with more than 10,000 rose bushes),
- Rock garden (with sculptured vertical walls),
- English lawn with its fountain and water jets.
- Mediterranean garden with lemon trees.
- Japanese gardens.
- Chinese gardens.
The German Pavilion in Montjuic
The Pavelló Alemany is a little showcase built by Mies van der Rohe (also known for designing the famed Barcelona Chair) for the 1929 International Fair. It is a remarkable example of modern architecture. After that, it was disassembled. Then it was reconstructed from the ground up.
This tranquil pavilion may not appear to be noteworthy to the average viewer. Still, it is a source of fascination to architecture enthusiasts who recognize a cutting-edge structure when they see one.
How to get to Montjuic?
Getting to Montjuic might be an obstacle worth tackling for those who want to visit more than just its sprawl. To avoid any unpleasant surprises on your trip to Montjuic, here are three options for transportation:
The first option is to take the Montjuic funicular train, which departs from the Paral-lel metro station and takes you to the side of the mountain where the castle is located, putting you within walking distance of the fortress, the Olympic Ring, and the Joan Miro Foundation.
Montjuic Cable Car
The second option is to take the metro to Plaça Espanya, which puts you off at the Magic Fountain and the National Museum of Catalan Art.
Here are the prices for 2021:
1-Way Ticket: €8.90
2-Way Ticket: €13.50
Kids (4 to 12 years)
1-Way Ticket: €7.10
2-Way Ticket: €9.70
Below 4 years old
1-Way Ticket: free
2-Way Ticket: free
If you use the funicular to go to the castle, the teleferic (cable car) will give you that boost if you want to make it fast to the top of the hill.
The tourist bus is convenient for individuals who want to see a lot in a short amount of time because the sites are spread very far apart.
The red route of Barcelona’s Tourist Bus has seven stops on Montjuic, including Caixa Forum / Mies Van Der Rohe Pavilion, Poble Espanyol, MNAC, Olympic Ring, Joan Miro Foundation, Teleferic de Montjuic (Cable Car), and Miramar Jardins Costa i Llobera. You can get to all the sights on our list by bus, except for the cemetery. To go to the castle, you need to get out at the “Teleferic” stop and ride the cable car or hike up.
Montjuic mountain has so much to offer that we barely scraped the surface. It’s worth spending a little extra time researching since you never know what you’ll find!
We hope this article has shown you that there’s a lot more to Montjuic mountain than what meets the eye and that you’ll be able to make it out and explore this fantastic place and all of its attractions again and again! Check out the Barcelona guides below for some tips on how to see the city’s best side.
- El Clasico FC Barcelona vs Real Madrid History, Tickets… and More!
- Plan Your Perfect Barcelona City Tour Bus Escape – Ultimate Local’s Guide
- Food and Wine Tours in Barcelona – Wine and Dine in Catalonia’s Capital