You can’t visit Barcelona without noticing Gaudi’s impact in every direction you turn. The Gaudi Barcelona landmarks are unquestionably the main attractions of the city.
He is the most well-known architect in the city, and he was the instrument that shaped the city’s architecture during his heyday in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. You can see his influence in the city up until today.
Who Is Antoni Gaudí?
Antoni Gaudí, born in 1852, was a member of the Art Nouveau movement, and his first works are on Gothic and traditional Catalan architectural forms. However, it didn’t take long for him to establish his unique style, which distinguished him from others.
Gaudí has been dubbed “God’s Architect” due to the religious undertones in his work, and some of his constructions are listed on UNESCO World Heritage Sites. La Sagrada Familia, his most renowned creation, is not just the most famous sight in Barcelona but also the most visited landmark in Spain.
In 1926, Gaudi died tragically when a trolley struck him on his way to church. The impact knocked him unconscious, and because he lacked identification, people thought he was a beggar and abandoned him (crazy, huh?). Luckily, some people recognized who Gaudi was, but it was too late by then and he died of his injuries shortly afterward.
Many of his patrons continued his work after his death. And up until today, the construction of the Sagrada Familia continues, despite his death almost a century ago.
A visit to Barcelona is not complete without paying a visit to his work. It will provide important facts about the city’s history and development and will help you appreciate just how significant this man is to Barcelona. Without Gaudi, Barcelona is just not Barcelona.
Gaudi Barcelona: 12 Top Structures by Gaudi
The Gaudí Buildings in Barcelona are worth visiting. Not only are they eye-catching, but they also have a lot to offer. These structures have stood the test of time for centuries; others have not survived so well without being remodeled or replaced by new structures. However, any of these buildings are an incredible sight to see when visiting the city.
1. La Sagrada Familia
Over 100 years have passed since the church’s foundation was laid to the ground. The first stone was laid in 1882, and the building is for completion in 2030!
In his later years, Gaudi was a fervent Catholic who dedicated at least a decade of his life to this endeavor. The church’s intricate construction incorporates elements of human, natural, and religious influences.
If you’re traveling here, listen to the audio guide! It’s well worth the money because it goes into great detail about the cathedral’s history. Try to visit during mid-afternoon and late afternoon so that you can see the sunshine cascade through the stained glass. A spectacular thing to see!
2. Park Guell
When businessman Eusebi Guell planned to construct a garden city for Barcelona’s nobility, he commissioned Gaudi to landscape a park that would aid him in selling the project’s luxury country residences. Gaudi somehow finished two houses, but only one was sold – to none other than Gaudi himself. Today it’s known as the Gaudi House Museum.
Although Park Guell was a flop for real estate development, it has proven to be a success as a municipal landmark and tourist destination.
The trip starts by passing through the grand reptilian-esque pavilions at the gates before greeting the famous brightly-colored lizard sculpture on the stairwell (and taking the obligatory selfie). Then, wind your way up to the superb open terrace, where you can relax on undulating benches embellished with broken-tile mosaics and give in to the views of the city and the Mediterranean Sea.
3. Casa Milà (La Pedrera)
The Passeig de Gracia, located at the top of Las Ramblas, is Barcelona’s showpiece street for Modernisme. Of course, the great man himself made his stamp on the city by creating both the Casa Batllo and the Casa Mila. The latter, often known by its nickname La Pedrera (The Quarry), was the final major project completed by Gaudi before he turned his attention to the church of La Sagrada Familia.
Sinuous curves, intricate metalwork, and spiraling, mosaic-tiled chimneys are undoubtedly the architect’s most accomplished manifestation of the unique style he created. Tourists tickets consist of access to the beautiful Flower and Butterfly Courtyards, The Tenants Apartment–which houses a preserved apartment from a century ago–The Whale Attic–which houses an exhibition of the architect–and the rooftop, which features ‘Warrior’ chimneys and views over the Passeig de Gracia.
4. Casa Batllo
Casa Batllo is an early-nineteenth-century structure rebuilt by Antoni Gaudí. He spent two years overhauling the facade, main floor, patio, and roof. With its undulating design, it is perhaps one of his most visually appealing works.
It nestles in Barcelona’s Eixample neighborhood and, like everything Gaudí built, is greatly influenced by the Art nouveau style. At the front side, Gaudí embellishes it with a mosaic created from shattered ceramic tiles recovered from a local glass shop’s garage. As you look at the ceiling, it’s comparable to the back of a dragon. This is one of the favorite Gaudi structures.
5. Palau Güell
Located off La Rambla, the Palau Guell (Guell Palace) is not immediately noticeable as other Gaudí buildings. Gaudí finished building it between 1886 and 1888 for one of his supporters, Eusebi Güell.
The main party room’s ceiling is high, with tiny holes towards the top where lanterns are hung at night to create the illusion of a starlit sky. On top, there are vibrant tree-like chimneys, and it feels a little eerie and gothic.
6. Casa Vicens
Gaudi’s first significant project was the Casa Vicens. In 1883 and 1888, Gaudi built the house using rough red bricks, undressed stone tiles in checkerboard and floral designs, and colorful ceramic tiles.
The client owns the tile and brick factory, so the ceramic tiles Gaudi used are a tribute to the owner. Since his work has more Middle Eastern and Far Eastern inspirations, this piece comes under Gaudi’s “orientalist” era.
7. Torre Bellesguard
Bellesguard translates beautiful views in Catalan, so when you get to the top, prepare to be rewarded with stunning architecture and breathtaking views.
Although it’s not one of the most recognizable examples of Gaudi’s work, it has many of the artist’s signature fantasy and art nouveau styles, making it one of his most essential structures. And the best part is that it isn’t too crowded.
8. Casa Calvet
Despite being one of Gaudi’s earlier masterpieces, the Casa Calvet is not that recognized even among Catalans. Perhaps that would be a disappointment, but it was avant-garde enough to win Building of the Year in 1900.
Even though the building isn’t accessible to the general public, you may still want to stop by and enjoy its lovely stonework and curved wrought-iron balconies while you’re in the area.
9. College of the Teresians
The building is a convent school built by Gaudi for the Order of St. Teresa from 1888 to 1889. When Gaudi got involved, construction had already begun, but he changed the plans to better suit his aesthetic and vision.
The College of the Teresians is one of Gaudi’s most widely recognized works. The building is not just an architectural marvel but also a home to the arts, including paintings and sculptures housed within its walls.
There are gallery spaces that display all art pieces created by Gaudi’s students or his work. The contrast between decorative tile work and natural wood used throughout all areas provides a soothing beauty amidst vibrant colors that accentuate the creativity found within every inch.
10. Bellesguard Tower
Gaudi built the Bellesguard Tower, also known as Casa Figueras, between 1900 and 1909. It was created as a second home for Figueras and resembled a medieval stronghold, complete with soaring towers and battlements. It features some Art Nouveau, giving it a modernist spin on a traditional Gothic building.
11. Guell Pavilions
Built between 1884 and 1887, Pavilions Guell was Gaudi’s first project for Eusebi Guell, one of the architect’s most generous patrons throughout his life. A “pavilion” refers to a gatehouse.
Gaudi constructed two of them in a stunning combination of yellow and terracotta brick, one of which served as a stable and the other as a gatekeeper’s lodge. A magnificent wrought-iron fence, replete with a dragon with its jaws gaping, separates them. Depicted on the gate is The tale of the Garden of the Hesperides.
The Polytechnic University of Catalonia currently owns the land, so you cannot go beyond the gate. However, you may at least take in the architecture from the outside.
12. Crypt at Colonia Guell
You’ll need to take a train to get to this gorgeous piece of architecture, located just outside of the city boundaries of Barcelona. However, if you have the luxury of time, it’s well worth the minor inconvenience of making the journey. Colonia Guell was an industrial park in Barcelona erected by Eusebi Guell, one of Gaudi’s patrons.
The Colony, which included a theatre, school, convent, and inn, was built to house the employees. Gaudi was supposed to build the church, but he only finished the crypt before financial difficulties forced the project to abandonment.
Nonetheless, it is a spectacular piece of architecture on which Gaudi experimented with cutting-edge architectural techniques that he would eventually apply to the Sagrada Familia. All the other buildings in the Colony are designed in the Modernista style as well.
Gaudi’s artistic vision and contributions to modern architecture were spectacular and unique. His work, however, was not simply a copy of the popular styles of his day. Gaudi incorporated his creative visions into all of his creations, making them one-of-a-kind works reflecting the present and future of that period. And his masterpieces are a significant contributor to the modernist architecture styles of the 20th century.
Gaudi is an excellent example of the value and importance of diversity in art and culture. His work is usually associated with European Modernism because of this reason. In recent decades, people have started to appreciate Gaudi in the United States in anything like they do in Europe and particularly in Catalonia.
We hope this article encourages you to visit his work, learn more about this fantastic artist, and spread the word so that his legacy doesn’t fade with time. Also, if you’re planning on visiting Barcelona, you can check out our travel guides. We have listed some of them below. They’re sure to be helpful!